a small Himalayan State lying between 27 to 28 degrees North
latitude and 88 to 89 degrees East longitude is the second
smallest state in India. It is barely 7,096 sq. kms in size
yet has an elevation ranging from 300 mtrs. to 8585 mtrs.
above sea level. It's Geography is dominated by the most
majestic mountain chain in the world which includes the
Khangchendzonga, world's third highest mountain and is
worshipped by the Sikkimese as the guardian deity to their
: Sikkim is situated 7096 sq. kms. in the Eastern
Himalayas, bordering the Tibet autonomous region to it's
North, Tibet and Western Bhutan to it's East, Eastern Nepal to
it's West and the Darjeeling Gorkha Hills of West Bengal to
TOWN : Gangtok is elevated at 5,840 feet
above sea level.
HEADQUARTERS : North - Mangan, South - Namchi,
East - Gangtok, West - Gyalshing.
- 5,40,493( Census -2001)
SPOKEN : Nepali, English, Hindi, Bhutia (Sikkimese),
Bhutia (Tibetan), Lepcha, Limboo.
RATES : 69.68%
Cold Winters in the month of November to February with minimum
temperatures dipping to 4 centigrade during January - February.
It is between the month of March and early May when
sunshine is quite abundant. Though summer is officially from May
to October, Sikkim is almost always wet due to the heavy
monsoons, with rains at times continuing for days on ends.
Longest recorded nonstop rain is 11 days. September to October
is Autumn. A peculiar feature of Sikkim weather is that though
there is a classification of sorts of the various seasons,
actually experiences a cold winter from end of November to
February and monsoons throughout the year with a little respite
during May - June and October - November. Even the winter months
can be irritatingly wet and damp with the unpredictable showers.
SUMMER TEMPERATURE : 28 ° C
WINTER TEMPERATURE : 0 ° C
RAINFALL :325 cm. RF / Year
: Indian Rupee
RAILWAY STATION :
- New Jalpaiguri in West
Bengal, 148 kms away with connections to all the major
AIRPORT : ------Bagdogra Airport in Siliguri,
West Bengal where flights and connections are available to
Calcutta, Delhi, Guwahati and connecting flights onwards.
SERVICE :The Bagdogra airport is connected to Gangtok
by a helicopter service which takes approx. 30 minutes to reach
Gangtok. This service is operated by Sikkim Tourism. They also
conduct mountain flights and other such tours to North Sikkim,
is well connected by road to Siliguri, 114 kms. 4 hours, which
functions as the major transit point for the North and North
Eastern sections of the Indian Sub- continent. Gangtok is
further well - connected by road with Darjeeling and Kalimpong.
ANIMAL : Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens)
BIRD : Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)
FLOWER : Noble Orchid( Dendrobium nobile)
TREE : Rhododendron( Rhododendron niveum)
CROP : Cardamom
(Amomum Sublatum), tea, ginger, potatoes, oranges, medicinal
plants, flowers and flower bulbs