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SIMPLY OUT OF THIS WORLD

GENERAL INFORMATION 

| History| People & Culture | Flora & Fauna | Adventure Sports | Monasteries | Formalaties and Staying Facilities | 

| Note to Foreign Travellers |

 

 
 

 

 

       

   
SIKKIM, a small Himalayan State lying between 27 to 28 degrees North latitude and 88 to 89 degrees East longitude is the second smallest state in India. It is barely 7,096 sq. kms in size yet has an elevation ranging from 300 mtrs. to 8585 mtrs. above sea level. It's Geography is dominated by the most majestic mountain chain in the world which includes the Khangchendzonga, world's third highest mountain and is worshipped by the Sikkimese as the guardian deity to their land.   

AREA : Sikkim is situated 7096 sq. kms. in the Eastern Himalayas, bordering the Tibet autonomous region to it's North, Tibet and Western Bhutan to it's East, Eastern Nepal to it's West and the Darjeeling Gorkha Hills of West Bengal to it's South.   

CAPITAL TOWN : Gangtok  is elevated at 5,840 feet above sea level.   

DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS : North - Mangan, South - Namchi, East - Gangtok, West - Gyalshing.    

POPULATION  - 5,40,493( Census -2001)

LANGUAGE SPOKEN : Nepali, English, Hindi, Bhutia (Sikkimese), Bhutia (Tibetan), Lepcha, Limboo.   

LITERACY RATES : 69.68%

CLIMATE Cold Winters in the month of November to February with minimum temperatures dipping to 4 centigrade during January - February. It is between the month of March and early May  when sunshine is quite abundant. Though summer is officially from May to October, Sikkim is almost  always wet due to the heavy monsoons, with rains at times continuing for days on ends. Longest recorded nonstop rain is 11 days. September to October is Autumn. A peculiar feature of Sikkim weather is that though there is a classification of sorts of the various seasons, actually experiences a cold winter from end of November to February and monsoons throughout the year with a little respite during May - June and October - November. Even the winter months can be irritatingly wet and damp with the unpredictable showers.   

MAXIMUM SUMMER TEMPERATURE : 28 C   

MINIMUM WINTER TEMPERATURE : 0 C   

AVERAGE RAINFALL :325 cm. RF / Year   

CURRENCY : Indian Rupee   

NEAREST RAILWAY STATION :
New Jalpaiguri in West Bengal, 148 kms away with connections to all the major Indian cities.

NEAREST AIRPORT : ------Bagdogra Airport in Siliguri, West Bengal where flights and connections are available to Calcutta, Delhi, Guwahati and connecting flights onwards.   

HELICOPTER SERVICE :The Bagdogra airport is connected to Gangtok by a helicopter service which takes approx. 30 minutes to reach Gangtok. This service is operated by Sikkim Tourism. They also conduct mountain flights and other such tours to North Sikkim, Yumthang.   

ROAD: Gangtok is well connected by road to Siliguri, 114 kms. 4 hours, which functions as the major transit point for the North and North Eastern sections of the Indian Sub- continent. Gangtok is further well - connected by road with Darjeeling and Kalimpong.   

STATE ANIMALRed Panda (Ailurus fulgens)   

STATE BIRD : Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)   

STATE FLOWER : Noble Orchid( Dendrobium nobile)   

STATE TREERhododendron( Rhododendron niveum)   

CASH CROP : Cardamom (Amomum Sublatum), tea, ginger, potatoes, oranges, medicinal plants, flowers and flower bulbs

 
   

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